indirect tax system

The current indirect taxation system comprising service tax, state vat and central sales tax(CST) is not geared up to recognize and accommodate the evolving business models of e-commerce. But there are no specific provisions for the e-commerce operators to pay taxes on sale of goods or to make any deductions from the payments being made by them to actual seller of the goods.
A return is a document that a taxpayer is required to file as per the law with the tax administrative authorities. Under the GST law, a normal taxpayer will be required to furnish three returns monthly and one annual return. Similarly there are separate returns for a taxpayer registered under the composition scheme, taxpayer registered as an input service Distributor, a person liable to deduct or collect the tax (TDS/TCS)
TYPES OF RETURNS
GSTR-1 (Registered taxable supplier)
– Details of outward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected.
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-2 (Registered taxable recipient)
– Details of inward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected claiming input tax credit.
– 15th of the next month
GSTR-3 (Registered taxable person)
– Monthly return on the basis of finalization of details of outward supplies and inward supplies along with the payment of amount of tax.
– 20th of the next month
GSTR-4 (Composition supplier)
-Quarterly return for compounding taxable person
-18th of the month succeeding quarter
GSTR-5 (Non-Resident Taxable Person)
– Return for non-resident foreign taxable person
– 20th of the next month
GSTR-6 (Input Service Distributor)
– Return for input service Distributor
– 13th of the next month
GSTR-7 (Tax Deductor)
– Return for authorities deducting tax at source.
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-8 (E-Commerce operator/Tax collector)
– Details of supplies effected through e-commerce operator and the amount of tax collected
– 10th of the next month
GSTR-9 (Registered Taxable Person)
– Annual Return
– 31st December of next financial year
GSTR-10 (Taxable person whose registration has been surrendered or cancelled)
– Final Return
– within three month of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.
GSTR-11 (Person having UIN and claiming refund)
– Details of inward supplies to be furnished by a person having UIN
– 28th of the month following the month for which statement is filed.

Inclusion Of Anti Profiteering Clause

Anti-profiteering means to stop a person from earning unreasonable profit through sale of goods and services It mandates a manufacturer and others in the supply of chain to pass on the benefits arising out to input credit and lower taxes to consumers at the pain of penalty. The main intention is to protect consumers from inflation after GST implementation.

MAIN REASONS FOR ANTI-PROFITEERING CLAUSE

There are three main reasons which make this clause necessary is

To set up honest pricing policy, this will help to retain consumers in the GST regime.
To examine whether input tax credits or lower tax rates actually result in a commensurate reduction in price.
To observe the inflationary trends during the initial stages of GST introduction and to analyze and control its long-term effects.

FEATURES OF ANTI-PROFITEERING CLAUSE

A state wise single registration for a taxpayer for filing returns, paying taxes and to fulfill other compliance requirements.
(Most of the compliance requirements would be fulfilled through online)
A taxpayer has to file one single return state wise to report all his supplies, whether made within or outside the state or exported out of the country and pay the applicable taxes on them. (CGST, SGST, IGST etc.)
A business entity with an annual turnover of up to Rs 20 lakh would not be required to take registration in the GST regime, unless it voluntarily chooses to do so to be a part of the input tax credit (ITC) chain.
In order to prevent cascading of taxes, ITC would be admissible on all goods and services used in the course of business except on a few items listed in the law.
In order to ensure that ITC can be used seamlessly for payment of taxes under the Central and the State law, it has been provided that the ITC entitlement arising out of taxes paid under the central law can be cross utilized for payment of taxes under the laws of the states or union territories.
Detailed transitional provisions have been provided to ensure migration of existing taxpayers and seamless transfer of unutilized ITC in the GST regime.
In order to mitigate any financial hardship being suffered by a taxpayer, commissioner has been empowered to allow payment of taxes in installments.
To provide certainty in tax matters, a provision has been made for an Advance Ruling Authority.

6 Ingenious Ways To Organize Your Small Business

Staying organized seems easier with plenty of money & volume of employees but what about the small business who are running out of both? That’s true! Every one of us had been started as a small startup and raised our business to a massive level. But what are the major strategies that followed by businesses to transform into huge-enterprises?

Proper organization & keen planning are two big things that normally have been followed by each highly ranked business. The pain of handling all activities on your own is not hidden to any, but the relief of having an organized business can be acknowledged by each person effortlessly. Are you lagging in the business growth game even after using all the tools? Don’t worry. These below mentioned seven ingenious ways will definitely help you to stay organized in 2018.

1. Say Hello To Cloud, Go Paperless

Most of the Startups don’t actually deal with volumes of documents but it is better to stay away from clutter and work digitally. cloud based quickbooks is one of the most renowned accounting software, powered and designed by Intuit, of today’s era which is simplifying data related tasks for millions of SMBs. Keeping balance sheets and reports over excel alike software were old talks, businesses nowadays are falling rapidly for accounting software that will organize reports, bookkeeping, invoices, Payroll etc. on a single place and reduces the use of paper within business premises.

2. Decrease Your Issues, Increase Business Productivity

It is equally important, to claim that business growth, to forecast alike environment within the business that supports your vision of growth. The engaging of QuickBooks software actually helps you to lower your daily hassles that fetched while working on-site. Including with, hosting QuickBooks on a server of the third party allows your business to have a 24*7 backend support. Any business with no worry of technical issues do perform better than others who aren’t engaged with the same support.

3. Track Upcoming Tasks In The Cloud

Usually, it sounds quite hectic to remember all the work that you need to do in the coming time. Using cloud computing QuickBooks is yet another ease any business can avail effortlessly. Tracking of data files & remembering due payment dates will be nothing to worry about after allowing QuickBooks accounting software. The issue of offering lots of time in scheduling events, dues & tasks will be not there in the year 2018 anymore.

4. Manage Business Working Space & Storage

It is equally important to manage your office’s physical space even if you’re integrated over the cloud computing network. The best approach to arrange things vertically in the office space. Though most of the businesses are now dealing with less paperwork as they’ve working digitally now. Mitigating data to cloud helps SMBs to save the expenses of having on-site resources as all the cloud-stored data can be accessible to as many members as required. Using proper space & storage management, businesses can efficiently organize their small start to gain more of what they are inputting.

5. Precisely Plan For Your Quarterly Taxes

It is vital for business persons to be compliance with tax regulations 2018 that will be revealed soon by respective authorities. The QuickBooks software helps SMBs to acknowledge all the needed information right on their dashboard. Organizing your tax is yet another vital task to be an organized business claiming for growth. Pre-planning of your quarterly taxes saves you from the penalty and helps you to know the deductions over tax.

6. Manage & Free Space In Your Inbox

If your business email inbox is overflowing then, it is better to filter the important emails first and delete the rest ones. As full inbox doesn’t allow new emails to arrive and many times it could be dangerous for businesses. Another main reason for having empty and full read inbox is that you’ll concentrate on useful bundles of emails and stay away from irritation while working.

Strange Tax For Expats And Locals

Expats have a dream of living in a new country under that country’s local laws. This dream can be achieved by those who work hard enough to get there. This dream also has a down side: taxes. Each country that you reside in will have its own set of taxes to abide by. The country you leave, such as the United States, will also still impose tax laws that you must follow. Just because you leave a country or even abide in another as a foreigner, it does not mean that you can ignore the taxes and the implications around them. It is important that you are very familiar with the regulation tax for expat requirements, or that you are working with somebody who is.

Window Tax

In 1966, England imposed a window tax. Home owners were taxed according to how many windows their home had. This tax would have been an applicable tax for citizens as well as an applicable tax for expats. The more windows, the greater the tax bill. As citizens always do, they found a way to lower their taxes. They covered up their windows. While this did reduce their tax bill, it created another problem. The lack of light and circulation began to have a negative effect on their health. As the population’s health declined, protesters began to speak up. Finally, in 1851, this tax law was abolished.

The Width of your House Tax

Property taxes are a well-known tax. Property tax for expats is expected and often uncontested. What is less known is a tax that existed prior to this in Amsterdam. Before square footage became a calculation for taxes, Amsterdam taxed their citizens’ homes by the width along the canal. The wider the faade of your home, the higher your taxes. As usual, the citizens found a way to get around this tax. Build a narrower home. This allowed them to still live along the canal, but to pay much less in taxes. Because of this historic law, Amsterdam’s narrow homes have become a world famous tourist attraction�”but few knew how they came to be this way.

Age Pays Off in New Mexico

If you live past the age of 100 in New Mexico, you become exempt from paying income tax. This is a nice break for those who have managed to live a long life. When researching tax for expats, this law is one that is well worth looking into. We all know that life is full of bills and expenses, and this is one welcomed break for those that hang around long enough to earn it.

Affordable Health Insurance for the Unemployed

Being unemployed can be a financial downside to say the least. You may be dependant on someone else to cover your daily expenses such as a place to live and food to eat. Health insurance is something that everyone needs and not enough people have available because of these other financial burdens. Any emergency such as a car accident or broken bone will require adequate medical assistance. What do you do when you don’t have insurance and can’t afford expensive medical bills? If you are unemployed, you need to find health insurance to prevent this from happening.

COBRA is a law in which many people could be eligible to remain on an employer’s health insurance plan even after they lose their employment. The most ideal person for this coverage is someone who is between jobs and is not in need of long-term help. It can last at least a year to those who qualify, but the premium amount is still an expense that some unemployed individuals may not be able to take care of with their lack of income. If you are able to pay the premium and are eligible, COBRA will also cover your spouse and children who are dependent on you for insurance. The best way to determine if you could receive health insurance is to contact your local employer’s benefits department and fill out the required forms.

You can also shop around for typical health insurance. Many free Internet services are proven reliable by the Better Business Bureau Online. By speaking with one of these insurance experts, you can get help finding the most affordable health insurance that will fit your specific needs. They know the rates of thousands of insurance companies and can fix you up with appropriate coverage for your specific needs. If you have a spouse or children, having health coverage is a necessity. Life is full of unexpected events and you cannot ensure that everyone will stay completely healthy until you have insurance again because accidents do happen. Finding an affordable coverage rate on your own can be a hassle. The experts at these companies are offering their assistance to you, often as a free service. Whether you need to find something short-term or for an extended period, they are qualified and dedicated to helping you.

If you find yourself unemployed at any time in your life, you are probably without health insurance. This can be a nightmare whether you have a family or not because medical expenses can put you into debt quickly. Luckily, there are ways of finding affordable coverage providers that can keep your health, as well as your finances, safe. A simple doctor visit can cost you significantly more money than it would with insurance. Do not let yourself become one of the many people who are unfortunately living life without proper insurance coverage.

Disability Insurance

We all know how important typical health insurance is, but did you know that disability insurance is just as important? In the event that you are hurt on the job, and cannot work, disability insurance will give you peace of mind-you will still able to provide for your family. While we would like to think that we always work safely, accidents do happen and you need to be sure that you have every angle covered in the event of an accident. If you become ill or injured on the job and as a result you are unable to return to work, there are a couple of options that will replace lost income. These types of disability insurance are not going to fully replace your income because they want you to have an incentive for returning back to work once you get well.

Social Security benefits are paid to you when your disability is expected to last for at least 12 months. Most of the time this is when no gainful employment can occur and you must remain out of work for the entire duration of your leave. Employer-paid disability is required by almost every state in the United States. This type of disability insurance is deducted from your paycheck, and is there for you in the event of an accident. When you are looking at disability insurance policies, it is important to understand what they mean. While the two available policies are both for disability, they both cover a different amount of time you will be covered, and when you will start receiving your compensation.

A short-term disability policy means that you will be covered for no longer than 2 years. With this policy you may have to wait up to 14 days before you start receiving compensation. A long-term disability policy is a little different. The disability compensation will not kick in for several weeks, sometimes a couple of months. However, long-term disability will cover you for a longer period of time, and sometimes for the rest of your life.

Along with having the two different types of insurance policies, there are also two different protection features. Protection is offered to you to ensure that you are not going to be treated unfairly due to your inability to work. Non-cancelable means that for no reason other than not paying your premiums can your policy be canceled. With this type of policy you will lock in your premium and will not risk a decrease in the benefits. On the other hand, a guaranteed renewable policy means that the same benefits will be available every year. The only way that your premium will be increased is if every policyholder within the same rating class as yourself increases also.

While there are many options when choosing disability insurance as well, these are the most popular selections. It is important to discuss all available options when choosing a disability insurance policy to ensure that you know what you will receive in the event of an accident or illness. Research your options to find the best choice for you and your family.

Short-term Health Insurance

When people think of health insurance, they think of traditional health insurance, with office visits, co-payments, and prescription drug coverage. However, such health insurance is not always available. Perhaps you are transitioning from one job to another; or maybe you are employed part-time or with a temporary agency that does not offer full health coverage; or you might be attending or just graduating from school. In these situations, traditional health insurance is sometimes not available. If you are unable to afford traditional health insurance but would like some coverage in the case of an accident or emergency, short-term health insurance is your best bet.

Short-term health insurance fills the gap in health insurance coverage that may come about for a number of different reasons, including those listed above. The idea of short-term health insurance is built into the name – it is a short-term solution offering short-term coverage, with the expectation that at some point, you will begin or resume traditional health insurance coverage. It is designed for those who would like some coverage in case of accident or injury and covers only emergency or serious medical expenses, such as x-rays, ambulance fees, intensive care, and a certain amount of hospital care. Though policies vary, these are often standard in short-term health insurance coverage. However, short-term health insurance does not cover regular physician visits, nor do they cover pre-existing conditions. If you are looking for this sort of coverage, you should consider obtaining a traditional health insurance policy or looking into other options.

Short-term health insurance costs vary greatly; you will have a monthly premium, ranging anywhere from $25 to $100, depending upon the plan’s coverage and deductible, which often begins at $250 and can increase to $5,000. Most policies these days also offer a reasonable pay-out amount (often one or two million dollars). Policies allow you to choose coverage for specific lengths of time, from 30 days to 90 days or six months, but almost no short-term policies extend past one year.

How do you find short-term health insurance? It is not as difficult as it may seem. A simple Internet search will yield a number of companies that offer short-term health insurance coverage. Searching online will also give you the opportunity to compare different companies and different plans. Just be sure to research each of the policies carefully to understand your maximum pay-out as well as deductibles, coverage, and other terms of the agreement.

Obtaining Health Insurance

Many people are often concerned about obtaining health insurance. They are confused about their options or about how to obtain the best health insurance for them or their family. There are several ways to obtain health insurance, though, and some of them are not always obvious, but can be quite easy in the end.

Health insurance is commonly obtained through an employer. Nearly all employers these days offer some sort of “group” health insurance plan for employees. The term “group” simply denotes that there is a large group of people on the plan, which decreases the cost of the monthly premium for all members. These plans can cover yourself, your spouse, and your family, depending on the specific policy. Covering more than just yourself obviously increases your monthly premium, but the ability to cover your family inexpensively is a huge benefit. To obtain group health insurance through your employer, you should contact your human resources department or whoever is in charge of benefits in your company. You should be able to buy into the group health insurance plan at any time during your employment.

If you leave an employer who offers group health insurance without first finding other coverage, you can also use the COBRA law with your previous employer’s health insurance coverage. COBRA is a government act that allows you to continue coverage under your previous employer, though at a more expensive rate. If you had coverage for your entire family, COBRA will allow you to continue this full coverage for a certain period of time.

There are several million people in the United States who are unable to participate in any group health insurance plans, however. Health insurance companies do offer individual plans for those who do not have coverage through their employer, are self-employed, or are ineligible for government health insurance assistance, such as Medicare or Medicaid. Individual health insurance plans are more often than not very expensive in relation to group health insurance plans. These plans can also cover family members and spouses for additional costs. Finding individual health plans is not difficult. Almost all health insurance companies offer individual plans; you can now search online for individual health insurance plans. Some Web sites even allow you to compare pricing and details of plans offered in your area – much like shopping for car insurance.

There is also federal health assistance available depending on certain criteria. If you are over the age of 65 or if you have a disability or specific condition (detailed by the government), you are eligible for Medicare. Medicaid is another government health insurance program that is based on income. Overall, it is simply important to be covered, no matter how you go about doing it. Research your options of coverage and speak with a professional to find out more about the health insurance options available to you.

Advantages to Indemnity Health Insurance Plans

Indemnity health insurance plans are more regularly known as traditional health insurance plans. These health insurance plans can be costly but often cover most health problems that may arise, while other insurance plans exclude some illnesses or diseases from their coverage. Some disadvantages to indemnity plans are that they do not usually cover preventative health care like physicals, and traditional health insurance plans often cover only a percentage of your bill. Research the advantages and disadvantages to indemnity health insurance when you are considering health insurance options.

While the disadvantages may seem problematic, there are many advantages to indemnity health insurance plans. You may have a higher monthly premium and you may need to pay upfront costs and submit claims paperwork, but your deductible will be more manageable and your coverage will be wider. Some health insurance plans will not cover certain medical expenses or care, but indemnity plans often do.

Another benefit of indemnity health insurance plans that many people desire is the freedom to choose your own physician. While other health insurance plans offered by the insurance industry limit your choice of physicians and hospitals to a list of preferred providers, indemnity insurance will cover any physician or hospital. This benefit may seem unworthy of mention, but there has been more than one instance where a mother finds that her son or daughter’s pediatrician is not in their preferred provider network and has to search for another pediatrician. This also means that you can see a specialist without having to consult with your primary care physician first.

Overall, indemnity health insurance plans also offer you the best emergency medical coverage in the industry. While preferred provider organizations (PPOs) or point-of-service (POS) plans limit the physician you can see to a list of network physicians and hospitals, the freedom of choosing any physician is nationwide with indemnity health insurance plans. This means that if you are traveling across the country and have an accident or a medical emergency, you can go to the nearest hospital or see the closest physician without worrying about the expense. There have been instances where hospitals or physicians will either refuse to treat patients or treat them only minimally because the hospital or physician is not inside the plan’s preferred provider network – meaning that the patient’s health insurance will only cover a small part of the expense and the patient is liable to pay the rest of the bill. This is a risky financial situation for the physician and/or hospital since patients are often unable to fully pay costly medical bills. With indemnity health insurance plans, this is almost never the case. Consider this and the other benefits of indemnity health insurance when choosing the plan that is right for you.

Health Insurance for Every Need

In the United States, there are about five different types of health insurance available: traditional health insurance; preferred provider organizations or PPOs; point-of-service plans or POS; health management organizations or HMOs; and most recently, health savings accounts or HSAs. With so many types of health insurance, it may be confusing trying to figure out which one best fits your needs, so thoroughly research each and speak with a professional if you need clarification.

Traditional health insurance is the one that most people think of when they think of health insurance. You pay the insurance company a premium every month, and if you have an accident or need for health coverage, you have a deductible amount you must pay and then the insurance company picks up the rest of the bill. You often have an inexpensive office and/or prescription co-pay with traditional health insurance.

With people living longer, health insurance companies began to look for more ways to reduce their costs, developing different health plans such as PPOs. PPOs are plans which will cover nearly all of your medical expenses as long as you stay within a preferred network of physicians or hospitals. This network creates a “preferred provider” list that you can choose from. Treatment outside this network of providers is covered but only at a reduced rate, meaning you end up paying more to see a physician outside the network. By limiting the physicians and hospitals covered in their network, the insurance company can control, to an extent, their costs and lower your premiums. POS plans work like PPOs, but require you to have a primary care physician through whom you can receive referrals for specialists. If you need to see a neurologist or a dermatologist, you must first visit your primary care physician for an initial diagnosis in order to receive a referral to a specialist for a more thorough diagnosis. POS plans also have a preferred provider network, and if you choose to visit a specialist or physician outside that network, your coverage will be limited.

HMOs combine a stricter version of PPOs and POS plans. HMOs have a defined list of physicians, often much smaller than PPO networks, which you may see. You will not be covered at all if you see a physician outside your HMO network. Furthermore, you must also get a referral from your primary care HMO physician to see any specialist. However, these restrictions mean that you pay an extra low or no monthly premium.

HSAs were recently signed into law by President Bush. You can deposit money into a special non-taxed, interest-gaining savings account that must be used for medical expenses. The ideal situation for an HSA is to combine the account with a low-cost, high-deductible insurance plan. The savings account is designed to allow you to cover the high deductible if you find the need to cover expensive medical costs while the insurance company will pick up the rest of the bill.

Again, it is important to carefully consider each option before choosing a single health insurance plan. Your health is important-make sure it is protected in the best way possible.